Avram Iancu (born 1824, Vidra de Sus, today Avram Iancu, Alba county – died September 10, 1872, Baia de Cris, Hunedoara county), lawyer, is the largest national hero of Romanians in Transylvania
Avram Iancu (born 1824 Vidra de Sus, today Avram Iancu, Alba County – died September 10, 1872, Baia de Cris, Hunedoara county), lawyer, is the largest national hero of Romanians in Transylvania, one of the leaders of the 1848 revolution in Transylvania.
Avram Iancu was born in Tara Motilor in the village of Vidra de Sus, now called Avram Iancu, Alba county. The first of which further mention of his family Avram Iancu is his grandfather, Gheorghe Iancu, who were Orthodox priest and had taken part in Horea’s uprising in 1784. Some sources say that Gheorghe Iancu were relative with Horea. His grandfather passed away probably before 1812.
Gheorghe Iancu had seven children, Santioana, Maria, Zamfira, Ana, Alisandru, Avram and Ioan. Alisandru would be the father of the legendary hero Iancu Avram Iancu.
Alisandru was born in 1787, married with Maria Gligor and will inherit the old house of the family. Alisandru Iancu was a serf, like all of his ancestors, but being as good householder as they, gets to be “a ranger” being a kind of “man of the mastery” because of his duties he came in contact with the authorities. Iancu Alisandru will have two children, Ioan and Avram.
The first child, Ioan, was born in 1822 and will reach Orthodox priest.
Avram Iancu, future national hero, was born in 1824. The exact date when was born Avram has not has not remained mentioned exactly, but after the confessions of the hero he would be born “at the time of cherries”. Given that the cherries ripen in the mountains later due to the harsh climate, it is possible that he was born in July or August.
Avram Iancu was never married and had no direct descendants. Some sources say that the information he had in his youth, during the revolution forty-eighter a few love affairs (of which at least one with a Hungarian), but none is based on evidence, even weak. These are all speculations until today, made by different authors for various reasons.
About the childhood of Avram Iancu were kept very little information. Memories remaining in the conscience of his fellows Moti shows him as a child but lively and cheerful, full of spirit, but with the character and the temperament of his fellows called Moti, thoughtfully and talked briefly with a noble and sincere heart. He loved the music and the singing from the young age, and he knew sing beautiful from mouth, leaf, tulnic, flute, violin and flute.
Avram Iancu School will start in the village. Teacher was Michael Gombos, and the school was at the edge grove of “Tarsa”. After learning some time in Vidra de Sus Avram he was sent by parents at the primary school in the Black village where he learned very well.
Further, Avram will attend school in Campeni, where the teacher will be Michael Ioanette. He graduate the school from Campeni at the age of 13 years.
In 1837 it was gave by the parents at the gymnasium of Zlatna. The gymnasium from Zlatna was a Hungarian school, but as there are no Romanian schools, Avram Iancu it must follow this one, as the only existing in the area. Teachers from here are all Roman Catholic priests, Latin is the language of instruction and Iancu will wake up with his Orthodox religion changed in transcript as Greek Catholic. In the coming years will be passed again in the script with Orthodox religion.
Avram Iancu passing with succes the exams of gymnasium. During studies at the School of Zlatna, Avram Iancu would show exceptional diligence (praestans) and all four subjects taught will get the highest mark (eminens).
For four years Avram will remain among the top students of the school with the exception of year three, it will show a slight decline, successfully recovered the following year. His teachers appreciate his zeal, and intellectual qualities. During their stay at Zlatna young Iancu he lived in some office clerk at the mine named Wilhelm. As teachers he had on Iozephus Stanken (school year 1837-1838), Gregorius Iakabus (1838-1839) and Ludovicus Kovács (1839-1840 and 1840-1841).
Gymnasium of Zlatna Iancu he graduated at the age of 17 years, with very good results. At the end of the gymnasium he is described as being an adolescent well done, quite tall, with blonde curls and bright eyes.
House in Targu Mures where he lived between 1847-1848 Avram Iancu
Avram Iancu is entered then, in 1841, in the upper class of humanists at Piarist High School in Cluj. Here he will also graduate thr two philosophy classes. From the philosophy cource certificates we find out that the young Mot maintained among the good students at school. In the first year it proves better at mathematics than to philosophy, and in the second year proves to be as good in physics as well as world history. Religion teaches again with Catholic priest, school is their tutelage. Piarist high school teachers are eminent teachers, some very erudite.
Access for people of humble origin to higher positions in the offices of tax administration was completely closed, even if they could attend the new schools for such functions. Iancu go to Sibiu to engage in an administrative position and enroll as a practitioner in the Treasury of the country. It quickly convince that it is not well-regarded in an environment in which Romanians were not accepted, so that in a short time, just a few weeks, will have to abandon its plans to become in the service of state in this area.
The political fight
In March 1848, arriving in Transylvania news of the revolution from Hungary. Young Hungarians in Tirgu Mures, where he was Avram Iancu and his colleagues, organize a patriotic demonstration to celebrate the proclamation of freedom. Romanian Chancellors are also invited at the Hungarians feast, where they will participate too. Is written by the Hungarians a memorandum to the Austrian emperor, which called for freedom for Hungarian nation in Transylvanian. Nine Romanian chancellors, including Avram Iancu, signed this statement also, at the time believing that the freedom for Hungarian would mean also freedom for Romanian. Soon they will be convinced that it’s not so, Hungarian revolutionaries only wanting freedom for their nation and unification of Transylvania with Hungary. Romanian chancellors will delineate by the statement that they signed together with the Hungarians, affirming the will that also Romanian nation to enjoy equal freedom as Hungarians in Transylvania.
Avram Iancu rests near Horea’s Oak, last wish, expressed in his will, it was that from his wealth he left to rise a Law Faculty for Romanians, he was convinced that only fighters on land law will be able to gain the rights of the Romanian nation.
Romanian nicknamed “Crăisorul Muntilor”, Avram Iancu paved the way for national awakening, his acts enrolling in the Romanian people’s consciousness, paving the way for the Great Union to be held in 1918.
website information source: http://enciclopediaromaniei.ro/wiki/Avram_Iancu
Avram Iancu (born 1824, Vidra de Sus, today Avram Iancu, Alba county – died September 10, 1872, Baia de Cris, Hunedoara county), lawyer, is the largest national hero of Romanians in Transylvania.