Clinic Hospital Coltea and Coltea Church information, Bucharest, District 3, Romania
Coltea Hospital is a hospital from Bucharest municipality located in District 3. Traditional medical unit, the hospital was the place where professed biggest names in the medical field as Romanian Nicolae Creţulescu, which laid here the foundations of the school of microsurgery. Hospital corners was one of the first medical education base in Romania.
It was the first hospital in Bucharest, built at December 14, 1704, Mihai Cantacuzino initiative to be a hospital for the poor. The organization and functioning of the hospital made the hospital Ospedale di S. Lazzaro e Mendicanti from Venice.
In 1716 it is mentioned Pharmacist at Coltea Hospital Johann Stanislaus Gratovsky.
The first hospitals don’t represent today hospitals that were specialized institutions on ill or disabled poor people’s problems. The first such place in the Romanian extracarpathian incurred in the first half of the eighteenth century in Suceava but perhaps the most interesting and important the Coltea, Pantelimon Hospital & St. Spiridon. The three settlements are large monastic complexes where poverty keeps its spiritual value and poor children enjoyed smaller gave alms to people who could not maintain, helping each year to marry poor girls, contributing to the redemption of prisoners and paying the ordination of priests poor. Colt Monastery was built in the late seventeenth century and early eighteenth century by the Cantacuzino family through, supreme commander of the army in the absence of Ruler of the country, Mihai Cantacuzino. Like most hospitals for the poor high in this period is the role that this facility is to help the rich to redeem his mistakes helping the poor. Also in Romanian Country the poor have no other role but only to help the rich to find forgiveness of their sins. The hospital was managed by eight trustees, four primary and four secondary, which were overseen by the chief magistrate and grand chancellor, watching them but could not intervene, their task was to mediate the relationship between guardians and reign. The four primary guardians record keeping and answers to the secondary once a year, they were forgiving of taxes to the royal coffers.
Inside the monastery, built between 1695-1697, since last year, the supreme commander of the army raised a hospital with 24 beds after the old hospital Venetian model „Santo Lazzaro e Medicanti“ apothecary “with various healing cures and various weeds’ house for the surgeon, school, rooms for teachers and other outbuildings all of them ready by 1714-1715 when his nephew Stephen surrounded them all with a wall. By 1746 the eight trustees of the monastery Coltea felt it necessary to increase the revenue raising an inn establishments that are, as suggested plan drawn between 1847-1852 Major Borroczyn about the current Lady Street, on the left as we look the boulevard, covering the courtyard of the church St. Prophet Elijah / Sfantul Profet Ilie (today Bulgarian Church). The heyday of the inn did not last long. After 1785 the date by which is one of the leading inns from Bucharest, due to the repeated foreign occupations, earthquakes and fires, and the indifference of less hardworking trustees Inn Coltei start slowly to ruin, until exactly 100 years of its construction was demolished. Church and hospital were affected by a fire in 1739 but were rebuilt. Earthquake in 1802 and indifference of less hardworking trustees have brought the ruin of the old hospital, which had to be rebuilt in 1836 by architect Conrad Schwink and Faiser, construction is finished in 1842.
No building does not last long being demolished and replaced in turn, to 1887, with the one we see today.
website information source: ro.wikipedia.org
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