History of Chisinau, Moldovan country brief information
In 1996 Chisinau, capital of Moldova, celebrated 560 years since the first document. The proclamation of state independence, wide opening to the world, visiting the city by a growing number of tourists, foreign businessmen, diplomats and other representatives of various cultural forums, political, economic and even military worldwide made evident increase interest in the more distant past and nearest the city of Chisinau. The awakening of national consciousness and interest in their cultural values have also helped stimulate historical research on both the national and the regional and local level in terms of history of Chisinau in particular.
In addition to the sources, which directly reflects the history of Chisinau, were brought here several documentary sources on past settlements Buiucani, Visterniceni, Hrusca, Schinoasa Rasâşcani, Vovinteni, work, Ceucani, Malina Mica and so on, which during the century . XVII century – XVIII, but mostly dry. XIX – XX century, gradually merged with Chisinau and is today sectors, neighborhoods and suburbs of the city.
Chisinau originally toponymical
Chisinau name began to be of interest to scientists for a long time and especially after 1812 when this small town in the center of Bessarabia was elevated to the region center attached to the Russian Empire. In this respect and have exhibited many historians both Romanian and foreign. One of the first hypothesis is that the city’s name comes from an old notion of Romanian language that designate a water source – a chute, a fountain, a waterfall. As the village is attested sec. XV on the right bank of Bac, near a strong spring, where long population supplied with water.
Following the changes that took place in Chisinau during the reign of Vasile Lupu and his successors to the throne of Moldova, city taked quite important leap in its evolution, rising gradually (and de facto being recognized) and rank borough, ie small town. Probably already during this gentleman Chisinau was a small fair, that is not too big shopping center. Celebi Evlia, Turkish traveler describing different regions and cities from Moldova to the period immediately following the reign of Vasile Lupu (1665) shows, among other things, that in such cities as Barlad shops and stalls were 200 large and small, to tutor and Hotin by 50 etc. Apart from these he notes that there were many shops in Chisinau, without giving a specific number.
Chisinau in XVIII century – and beginning of XIX century
In Chisinau residents have lived these years and times heavier. Thus, during the Polish king Jan Sobieski campaign in 1683 in Moldova, Chisinau is occupied by a detachment of Cossacks, and in 1690 the Turks and Tatars devastated. In 1739 Turks burned again Chisinau to not let him easy prey Russian army.
By mid-century. eighteenth century, although it has risen much compared with surrounding villages, Chisinau continues having largely rural appearance of more proportions. Apart from trade and craftsmen, many inhabitants continued to agricultural occupations.
Arau, sown wheat, millet, flax, vegetables, animal breeding, cultivating grape vines, fruit, fish, etc. In the second half of the century. XVIII and
early century. Chisinau nineteenth century continued to grow, however, as before, its narrow streets and slums built new right bank of the ferry.
According to the Moldovan population census from 1774, made by the Russian military administration in Chisinau were 162 contribuabili50 (ie about 800 inhabitants – author’s note).
Caused much damage and ruin Chisinau, as the entire country of Moldova, the Russian-Turkish wars of the century. XVIII and still. sec. XIX. They not only disorganized economy, but also attract a large number of people in military operations in supplying warring parties with food, feed, transport, repair of access roads, bridges and cities. Left in ruins after each of these wars, Chisinau was restored through the work of the many. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1806-1812, in Chisinau were deployed various units of the Russian army. ‘Population is growing considerably on account of refugees. According to some evaluations, the 1812 Chisinau had about 7-12 thousand. By 1814 in Chisinau it was already 2109 houses, 7 churches and a monastery. Also this year recorded 448 booths. Once a week a big fair opening its doors. In the first decades of the century. At Chisinau on the XIX century operates many craftsmen who were united in guilds. Here activate 22 leather workshops, 18 – candle-making, 4 – soap manufacturing 3 paintings, 58 and so on. In Chisinau territorial growth increasingly approaching the surrounding villages, while influencing and expanding the latter, Buiucani villages, Visterniceni, work, Malina. But construction chaotic and inadequately ulicioarele winding, huts and deck most of the houses were Chisinau to represent us as a more rural than urban agglomeration great.
Chisinau changed much overall appearance in 50-70 years of the 19th century, when the city had as architect on the person of Alexandr Bernardazzi. He designed some streets and neighborhoods, participated in the design and construction of the aqueduct in Chisinau, and the most important buildings.
The city regains its appearance after the proclamation of Romanian Unification with Romania in 1918. Here are opened several schools, printing houses, libraries and theaters. Began operating a number of enterprises of food industry: first mechanized mill, factory bread, sausage factory, kvass and lemonade factory, candy factory, shoe factory, knitwear, fur factory, are organized exhibitions of industrial and agricultural machinery. Chisinau integrates road network of Romania. In 20-30 years several banks operating in Chisinau: Moldova, Unirea Romania, Dacia.
Statistical fact of the city
Chisinau is a village in Chisinau located at latitude 47.0122, 28.8605 longitude and altitude of 39 meters above sea level. This village is in Chisinau administration. According to 2004 census population of 589 445 inhabitants.
Latitude: 47.0122718811035156 Longitude: 28.8605937957763672 Altitude: 39 m.
Population – 589 445 Of which: Men – 271 772 Women – 317 673
website information source: http://www.chisinau.md
History of Chisinau, Moldovan country brief information.