Romanian Post – The History of the Romanian Post – Romanian Encyclopedia info
The roads appeared along the history of human society, from the need to send news, from the movement of goods and passengers. Services organized arose from the need to go through shortly and safely some distances.
On the Romanian territory have been certified since the period before the conquest of Dacia by the Roman Empire a number of natural roads for commercial and military that stretches along the water. A dense network of roads was built after the conquest of Dacia and was introduced with the postal service organization similar to the rest of the Roman Empire. After the withdrawal of Aurelian, the post recorded a time of decline and disorganization, reappearing in the fourteen century, with the establishment of independent feudal states of Moldova and the Romanian Country. Romanian rulers have always lead an active foreign policy and they were aware of all the international events of those times. The Rulers had couriers known as “horsemen” and “Lipcani” crossing the great distances quickly. The increase number of the horsmen led to the apparition of the Olac. Residents of the villages and fairs on the route they were obliged to make available so-called “horse of the olac” to maintain the horses and to handle the procurement of fodder. Posted in those days only meet the needs of the state, the need of the governors and the need of the foreign messengers and rarely the need of the individuals.
Entering of the post relays
In the sixteenth century the post office under the authority of the great Chamberlain and did not know notable changed until the middle of the eighteenth century when they were introduced relays mail, known as relays. The most important roads mail at the time were in Moldova: Iasi – Barlad – Galati and Iasi – Harlau – Chernivtsi and Romanian Country: Bucharest – Targoviste, Bucharest – Pitesti – Craiova, Bucharest – Silistra and Giurgiu. In both principalities there were a number of secondary roads. In Transylvania has developed a dense network of roads in relation to major shopping centers and craft: Brasov, Sibiu and Bistrita. Country Romanian Transylvania and there were trade routes along river courses Buzau, Teleajen, Prahova and Olt and links were made through Adjud Moldova, Trotus Valley and the Ghimes Step.
Expenditures for maintenance and establishment of the relays, purchase fodder, of the special messenger on horseback, of the horses and the pay of the officers were supported by peasants and townsmen to the first half of the eighteenth century. During the second reign of Constantine Mavrocordat in Moldova, was taken the decision to reorganize the Post, the state will take over the expenditure that until then were borne by farmers. The amounts needed would be covered by taxes placed on villages and fairs. In October 1775, Alexander Ypsilanti, ruler of the Romanian Country, has altered the system, acting for the state to take over the expenditure.
Modernizing the postal service
After the 1821 revolution led by Tudor Vladimirescu and return back to local Rulers in 1822, began a period of economic development, influenced by the development of trade relations. Contributors to the improvement and modernizing the postal service in the Romanian Country Grigorie Ghica in period June 1822 – April 1828 and Ionita Sandu Sturdza in Moldova from June 1822 to April 1828. He went on the concession of the line posts, and after the Peace of Adrianople, the Countries monopoly products was raised in the Romanian Countries ensuring free trade, enlargement of the internal market and the entrance of the Romanian economy into the international economy circuit. In Moldova and Romanian Country were established transport services for passengers, cargo and mail, they were called tenders for the concession were introduced Posts and diligence services.
In the same period in Transylvania the posts mail entered into a reorganization process, ensuring connects towns Cluj, Brasov, Sibiu with the countries of Western Europe. The old ties with Moldova and Romanian Country began to expand and diversify.
In August 1841 the Romanian Country carriages were introduced called “brasovence” on routes to Braila, Giurgiu, Caineni and Focsani. In 1846 it was decided that that the groups (sealed sachets) of money that belonged to the state or individuals should be mailed on the entrepreneur responsibility. In the summer of that year at the request of several merchants in Bucharest the first post office was established. At the proposal of the Inner Department whom the Mail Post they were subordinate, Ştirbei Barbu (1849-1853; 1854-1856), who was in charge of postal services in the period in which the governor tried to improve the post mail, decided that directory mail no longer be called concessions, but the Ruler himself. It introduced a service of diligences on the main routes: Bucharest – Pitesti and Bucharest – Giurgiu.
During the reign of Grigore Alexandru Ghica (1849-1853; 1854-1856) in Moldova was set up an official postal service for mail transport between the provinces and the residences of the nets. Among the common purse and correspondence was done through specials Infantries paid soldiers called dorobanti and lower clerk at city hall called vataseni of communes. In each county post offices were established, which led to the mailman function. They have established regular flights carrying official documents and individuals and to set a unique price for correspondence. Service was inaugurated in 1850 due care and worked initially twice weekly routes Iasi – Romania – Bacau – Focsani, where it connects with the Wallachian mail. After the Crimean War in Moldova were definitively established as the institution posts mail, a state institution. They created new offices, races of diligences have increased, staff has compiled a fixed timetable, salary and possibilities to advance in career. They appeared mailboxes, were set different prices for postage, and in July 1858 began to be used first adhesive postage stamps.
website information source: http://enciclopediaromaniei.ro/wiki/Istoria_Postei_Romane
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