Ruschita marble stone, Caras Severin county, Romanian marble stone – general & local information
General Information about marble stone
Marble is a metamorphic rock, composed mostly of calcite (a crystalline form of calcium carbonate, CaCO3) and obtained by the metamorphosis of limestone. Its name comes from ancient Greek, μαρμαίρειν = to shine, to gloss. The most common marble colors are: white, gray, black and red.
Local information Ruschita marble stone
Marble Ruschita is an marble stone extracted from Ruschita deposit, a village in Caras-Severin, about 10 km northwest of the town Rusca Montana. This marble has different shades, from white to gray, pink, yellow and reddish pink.
Data exploits of the marble deposit
Currently, marble old quarry pits are exploited from the career Veche-Gropan and New Career / Cariera Noua, from the Ionel Hill, both located in Poiana Rusca mountains, at an altitude of 800 meters. They comprise the largest reserve of natural stone exploited in Romania. In the areas of development of marbles, topography is rugged with steep walls and deep valleys. The place of exploiting marble in its central part is crossed by brook with crayfish / Paraul cu Raci (Romanian) and in the west of the river Fades / Paraul Padesului, which by uniting formed Ruschita River.
Various colors of Ruschita marble stones
In this area marmoreene crystalline limestone have a maximum development and massive colors appear as white, gray and pink:
Gray marble top is well developed and contains many impurities career: quartz, graphite, pyrite, magnetite. White marble is present in the central part of career. As development in thick marble becomes more homogeneous in terms of coloristic, milky-white color predominates.
Pink Marble lies to the south of white marble, appearing in the form of strips and some fines.
Buildings, monuments and works of art
From this marble were made more special buildings in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, including the Banks Palace in Vienna. Ruschita Marble was used to restore the Cathedral from Milan. Also with marble from Ruschita were made public edifices, the Parliament in Budapest, the BBC in Mannheim, Parliament Palace in Bucharest, the new wing of Otopeni airport / Henry Coanda airport, Constanta County Library, the Professional Football League, Museum of Contemporary Art, The Telephone Palace, but also private works, such as Capsa House / Casa Capsa, Casino Hotel Marriott, Sultan of Brunei villa or villa in Monte Carlo of the Formula I pilot Michael Schumacher. Eagle in the Oval Office of the White House, a symbol of the Americans, was carved in white marble extracted from Ruschita.
The adverse effects of the exploitation of marble stones
The exploitation of marble from the perimeter Ruschita natural landscape was heavily damaged, which was reflected in the deterioration of ecosystems and surrounding areas.
website information source: https://ro.wikipedia.org
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