Sarmizegetusa Regia (to the kings) or Sarmizegetusa Basileion was the state capital – capital of the Dacian state
Sarmizegetusa Regia (Sarmizegetusa Basileion) was the capital of the Dacian state built at the I mid-century BC. It is located near the present village Gradistea Muncelului (Hunedoara county), on the Gradistea Hill at about 1,200 m altitude. It consists of three parts: civil settlement with several terraces located on the neighborhoods, the city and the sacred area. Around Sarmizegetusa, on the valley of the Gradistea river there were many civilian settlements and clusters of houses scattered among the great Dacian fortresses. For the location of the various construction and providing the expansion space of the settlement, Dacians used the technique of terracing the mountain slopes and where they were needed, the big terraces they were supported by strong walls in the murus Dacicus technique.
Capital of the Dacian State
It was certainly the largest craft center of Dacia, provided by a solid raw materials founded in the immediate vicinity. The Dacian state capital was located in an area guarded naturally by the Godeanu Mountains, and the access to it from the Mures were defended and controlled by the cities of Costesti and by many military towers located along the Gradistii valley. Once in Sarmizegetusa, its appearance was downright stately: on the nearly 6 km long on the southern slope of the mountain was cut into terraces on which were amounted houses, over which towered the fortress walls that rose on the top of mountain, Large sanctuaries, all united by a well-developed network of roads and water facilities.
Civil settlement was made up of neighborhoods spanning on dozens of terraces and was the largest Dacian settlement known. It includes housing, metallurgical workshops, warehouses etc. Because of the location and the size of the city, Dacian had to develop a comprehensive system for the capture and transport facilities of drinking water (when it was not known the principle of communicating vessels) but also for the draining excess water. They found numerous pipes, tubes, a settling fir with a capacity of 3,000 liters other systems that lead water to households and to workshops. Rainwater drainage channels were decanted, which in the case of the sacred area they were carved in stone. The houses were mostly built of wood and clay them, which is why very few have been preserved archaeological traces. Besides households have been discovered painted ceramics workshops, barns, tubing pipe, a tank etc. These barns were constructed at the surface and they were found large quantities of supplies of millet, rye, barley, different species of wheat, lentils, mustard, cockle, grain and rapeseed.
Citadel is the largest of the cities in the Orastie Mountains. It has about 3 hectares of limestone walls built in the murus dacicus style. His defensive role for the army and the civilian population at risk. After being conquered by the Romans, they restored it and turned into a headquarters detachment of Legio IV Flavia Felix, who ensure security of the region.
The complex of sanctuaries is situated about 100 meters from the east gate of the citadel and it’s connected to it by a paved road, called Via Sacra. The sanctuaries are quadrangular (large limestone sanctuary, small limestone sanctuary, two rectangles Sanctuaries from andesite and a large sanctuary also made from andesite) and rounded shape (large circular sanctuary and small circular sanctuary). They were preserved in stone column bases, which amounted wooden representing the sun and show the uranus-sun character of the Geto-Dacian religion.
website information source: http://enciclopediaromaniei.ro/wiki/Sarmizegetusa_Regia
Sarmizegetusa Regia (to the kings) or Sarmizegetusa Basileion was the state capital – capital of the Dacian state.