Tarcu Mountains and Bistra Lake, relief and description, more info
Tarcu mountainous terrain can be likened to a vast amphitheater in the Banat neighborhood plain and composed largely of three steps. The highest consists of peaks over l800-2000 m height, located in the south-east to Hideg, Ses River and Great River / Mare River. It is characterized by smooth, ice buckets lined peaks and alpine meadows stretched. This stage includes four massive high mountains that make up Tarcu Mountains group, namely the massive Tarcu, Bloju and Small Mountain / Mic Mountain.
In the middle level falling heights 1100-1500 m, making up an area that surrounds the west and north the previous one. Distinguished Peak High Glade / Varful Poiana Inalta, near Hideg, Peak Plesii and on the north side of the mountains, Magura Hillock / Magura Marga and Clopotivei.
Lowest step, with heights of 500-800 m, is in contact with Caransebes Depression and reaches a width of 2-3 km.
From geological point of view, Tarcu Mountains are composed of granite (Bloju Massive, Petreanu Massive and Small Mount Massive / Mount Mic) surrounded by crystalline schists and sedimentary rocks (sandstone, tuffs, conglomerates etc.), especially in their part of the southeast. Hard crystalline schists and gneisses for Tarcu Peak and Prislop Peak, generally, highest relief consists of crystalline schists and granite.
Throughout the Tarcu Mountains seven subunits of relief are distinguished, of which 4 shows an special tourist interest.
Tarcu Massif, viewed mostly from Small Mount / Mic Mount, has the appearance of the city. It is bordered on all sides by steep slopes. His boundaries are formed by Hideg Valley’s, Scheii valleys and Suculetului valleys, Juice Valley /Sucului Valley (Olteana) and Cunt Springs. Southeast bump of 600 m separates from Hideg Mountains. The greatest heights are few projections of a broad platform levels the massive waves: Caleanu Peak (2190 m) Bodea Peak (2141 m) and Tarcu Peak (2186 m). Around the glacial plateau as the order buckets Suculetului Hole and Calean Boilers in the north, Spring Valley and Seiului Boilers southeast from Tarcu Peak and circus complex in central massif (Mutatoarea Boiler, Pit / Groapa, Oboroace and Potholes / Gropita). The lastest edge to the plateau to the west, between the Peaks of Caleanu and Tarcu.
From Tarcu Peak starts the top to the northwest Jigorei Ridge (1250-1400 m tall), which connects Small Mount Massif / Mic Mount Massif, and from Caleanu Peak to the east and south arches Ridge Prislop (Salatruc) of 1800-2000 m high, making the connection with Godeanu Mountains.
Baicu Massif, located northeast of the Tarcu Massif, is bordered by Ses River Valley at southeast of Scheiului valleys and Suculetului valleys at southwest, by Sucului valley at west and by the Bistra valleys and Corciova valleys at northeast.
Massif is composed of two perpendicular slightly undulating peaks: Peak Baicu and Peak Nedeii. Matan Top (White Rocks / Pietrele Albe) (2160 m) and Baicu Top (2119 m) are the highest heights and are is main peak. To the northwest the relief altitude gradually decreases. Nedeii north slope of the ridge accommodates three glacial valleys: Dalciu, Frincu and Varing. On the southeast side can also find a number of small ice buckets. The most important are White Stones Boilers / Pietrele Albe Boilers, that shelter White Stones Lake / Pietrele A;be Lake or Taul Gloss / Taul Lucios (l780 m) and Rosary Boiler / Mataniei Boiler, beneath the peak with the same name.
Bloju Massif includes high region at north of valleys Corciova and Bistra Marului, being limited to the southeast of Great River / Riul Mare; north and west ends he rushed slopes of mountains that separate it by Bistrei Mountains. The greatest heights, from southwest to northeast, are: Custurii Peak (Netis 2093 m), Bloju Peak (2165 m), Stone Peak (2190 m), Black Hill Peak / Dealul Negru Peak (2101 m), Petreanu Peak (1896 m). From Stone Peak / Pietrei Peak starts at north and northwest second major peak, along which are strung Matrimony Peak / Cununii Peak (2105 m) Murgani Peak (1964 m), Loyalty Peak / Loiala Peak (1870 m) and Sture Peak (1822 m). On the east and north sides of the Massif Bloju meet glacial valleys, fountains of Stone Valley / Pietrei Valley and Bistra Ox ? bistra Boului. Due to the massive granite making up the landscape of this region generally resembles somewhat with the Retezat one, in particular by the rocky mountain ridge presence and screes. Smooth surfaces are more restricted limited to the Black Hill Peak / Dealul Negru Peak, Hill Yellow Peak / Dealul Galben Peak (2010 m) and Tomeasa Peak (1758 m).
Small Mountain / Mic Mountain has a lateral position to the main summit of Tarcu Mountains. It is limited to Sebes Valley at south of Juice Valley / Sucului Valley at east, Bistra Marului Valley / Bistra Apple Valley at north and of Caransebes Depression at west. From the Peak of Small Mount / Mic Mount (1806 m) start to the periphery a series of peaks with radial direction. Having lower heights, the Massif Small Mount / Mic Mount is almost entirely forested. Jigora-Cuntu Peak connects it from Tarcu massif.
To the southwest of the massive Ţarcu and Small Mount / Mic Mount the relief decreases in height, taking the appearance of tall mountains with rounded peaks and forested. Few small subunits are distinguished here:
Borlova Mountains is the west step of Small Mount / Mic Mount, strongly fragmented by narrow valleys; the most prominent height is Cioaca Orlea (1271 m), whose northern buttresses extending up to Maru.
High Glade Mountains / Poiana Inalta Mountains, with maximum elevation in the peak of the same name (1432 m), unfolds between valleys Cold River / Rece River and Long River / Lung River (Romanian language). They are drawn from the Massif Tarcu and stretch until Teregova-Armenis region.
Pleasa Mountains between Sebes Valley and Long Brook Valley / Piriului Lung Valley with an average elevation of about 1000 m. In the Plesu Hill, with its maximum height of 1413 m, dominates the entire region.
Hideg Mountains, situated at south of Long Brook Valley / Piriul Lung Valley, keep up the Hideg valley, beyond which rises Cerna Mountains. Hideg Mountains have heights of 1300-1400 m, reaching 1433 m high with Poiana Peak. Hideg Mountains height unfold from Tarcu Massif of the mountains of the unfold and submit southwest and ended near the Rusca village.
Hideg and Long Brook / Piriul Lung crossing these two groups of mountains by valleys very narrow. Because it crosses a sedimentary rocks less resistant, succeeded with their tributaries to create two depressions. They are much wider portion of the valley with gentle slopes and forests, where many dwellings meet, surrounded by forests, valleys called “clearings” / “poieni” Plopului Glade / Poiana Plopului, on the Long River Valley / Riului Lung Valley and Ruschii Clearing / Poiana Ruschii on Hideg.
Bistra Mountains are composed of the mountainous area that stretches north and west of Bloju Massif, between the valleys Apple Bistra / Marului Bistra, Bistra and Great River / Mare River. This area is characterized by a strong relief cut by rivers and height of 1000-1300 m. Some higher peaks, with knolls aspect dominates completely the forested region: hillock Marga (1503 m), Copos Peak (1509 m), Frasinei Peak (1400 m) and hillock Clopotiva (1457 m).
Depression Apple Clearing / Poiana Marului is located at the confluence of Apple Bistra / Bistrei Mărului with Juice / Sucul. Here the mixed hollows relief of the mountains give way to a 5 km long, flat bottom and gentle slopes. Framed between vast forests that once covered the surrounding mountains, depression justly deserves its name of “clearing” / “poiana”. The position, height (600 m) and views, the small village of Apple Clearing / Poiana Marului has now become a resort in the true sense of the word.
website information source: www.tarcu.ro/descriere Romanian language
Reservation of bisons – Neamt. Reserve known as the aurochs “Dragos Voda” is a protected area of national interest. The Bison is represented in the Heraldry of the Romanian hostorical region of Moldova.